In recent years, the question of whether to legalize marijuana has appeared on ballots throughout the country. Millions of Americans have decided that selling and using marijuana should no longer be a crime. But regardless of its legal status, chronic marijuana abuse can be a serious problem making it necessary for some to seek treatment for marijuana addiction.
Marijuana Through The Ages
Marijuana is another name for the cannabis plant. According to the Drug Enforcement Agency (DEA) the oldest known record on cannabis use comes from the Chinese Emperor Shen Nung 2727 B.C. Cannabis was known to the ancient Greeks and Romans and it was used throughout the Middle East and North Africa throughout the Middle Ages.
Marijuana cultivation began in the United States with the arrival of the first European settlers at the Jonestown colony in the early 1600s. From the middle of the nineteenth century until 1937 marijuana could be easily obtained at apothecaries for medical uses; however it was not especially popular as a recreational drug until the early twentieth century with the increase of Mexican immigration to the United States. The drug’s popularity spread from Mexican communities into other areas of society.
During Prohibition the use of marijuana increased as people turned to it as an alternative to alcohol. The drug was ultimately criminalized as an act of congress in 1937.
In 1996, both California and Arizona legalized the use of marijuana for certain medicinal purposes. As of November, 2016, a total of 28 states and the District of Columbia had legalized marijuana for medical purposes. Eight states – Alaska, California, Colorado, Oregon, Massachusetts, Nevada, Maine and Washington – had also legalized it for recreational use. According to a 2015 Gallup poll, 58% of all Americans favor legalizing marijuana.
Despite its increasing legalization, there is still a brisk black market trade for marijuana. The majority of illicit marijuana is brought into the United States by Mexican drug cartels.
Marijuana goes by any number of other names – “pot” surely being the most popular. There are numerous others including Weed, Grass, Ganja, Herb, And Reefer