Cocaine

Cocaine is derived from coca, a plant native to parts of South America. It is likely that people have chewed its leaves from time immemorial for its stimulative effects. Today, the illegal trafficking of cocaine is a multibillion dollar business. Cocaine addiction doesn’t discriminate: it is a problem throughout the world impacting the lives of many millions of people. Fortunately, for those in the grips of this disease cocaine addiction treatment is available.

Pure cocaine was first isolated during the mid-nineteenth century. It became especially popular in Europe, in part because of the enthusiastic endorsement by Sigmund Freud. (Ironically, in 1885 he published a paper arguing that cocaine could be used to cure morphine and alcohol addiction.) But Freud was not alone in believing that cocaine could cure a host of both physical and psychological maladies. Later in the century, cocaine became popular in America. It became the active ingredient in what were called “health tonics” that were marketed for their supposed benefits. The most famous of these was Coca Cola, which first appeared in 1886.

As cocaine consumption increased so did instances of cocaine addiction – with an estimated 200,000 cases in 1902. The United States finally outlawed cocaine in 1914 with the passage of the Harrison Narcotic Act. There was a resurgence in the popularity of cocaine in the 1970s as a recreational drug. It was considered to be chic and erroneously touted as being non-addictive. Usage became extremely widespread during the 1980s which is when crack cocaine first appeared. Crack is an especially potent and addictive form of cocaine made by cooking it with water and other ingredients until it forms rocks which can then be smoked. Because crack is inexpensive addiction, the problem became still more widespread. Cocaine can be particularly dangerous when used with other drugs such as alcohol. Some people mix heroin with cocaine to make an extremely dangerous concoction called a speedball.

Cocaine can be snorted, rubbed onto the gums as a powder, smoked or dissolved then injected. Street names for cocaine include blow, coke, crack, rock, snow, C and flake.

The Effects Of Cocaine

When it is ingested, cocaine works to stimulate the production of a chemical called dopamine which is a neurotransmitter that regulates the brain’s reward and pleasure centers. When more dopamine is produced, cocaine users feel a sense of euphoria, as well as increased energy and alertness.

In addition to its effects on the brain’s chemistry cocaine impacts the rest of the body in a number of different ways. Some of these effects are:

  • Constricted blood vessels and dilated pupils
  • Higher body temperature
  • Higher blood pressure and faster heartbeat
  • Feeling sick to the stomach
  • Restlessness
  • Decreased appetite and, over time, a loss of weight
  • Inability to sleep
  • Strange, unpredictable behavior, panic attacks, or paranoid psychosis (losing touch with reality)

It is possible to overdose on cocaine. In 2014, 5400 people died of cocaine overdoses in the United States. Death usually occurs from cardiac arrest or stroke.

Cocaine addiction occurs when a user begins to develop a tolerance for the drug and requires more and more of it to achieve the desired effect. People often experience withdrawal symptoms after the prolonged use of cocaine. These include depression, fatigue, slowed thinking and trouble sleeping. In an effort to avoid these symptoms, people feel impelled to continue taking the drug, thereby fueling their addiction.

Cocaine Addiction Treatment at Sovereign Health

Cocaine addiction treatment often begins by ridding the body of the dangerous compounds that have built up because of prolonged use of the drug. This process, known as detox, is done under careful medical supervision allowing our doctors and clinicians to treat any uncomfortable or dangerous side effects that may develop.

But detox is just a first step on the road recovery from cocaine addiction. From there the individual should receive and full examination to determine any and all co-occurring disorders and provide them with the best people treatment methods to combat their addiction.

The cocaine treatment centers offered at Sovereign Health of Texas follow The Sovereign Way, a philosophy that recognizes each patient’s unique needs and circumstances by providing personalized treatment plans tailored to his or her specific needs.

All patients receive comprehensive physical and psychological examinations when they come through our doors. This allows our staff to identify any underlying conditions that may be contributing to the patient’s addiction. They will then design an appropriate course of treatment.

Treatment programs include a range of evidence-based therapies offered by an experienced and dedicated staff. We offer these therapies at different levels of care including a partial hospitalization program (PHP), an intensive outpatient program (IOP) and as well as residential treatment.

At Sovereign Health of Texas the goal of our cocaine addiction treatment programs is to provide our patients with the tools they need to thrive and enjoy lasting recovery. If you or a loved one is striving towards cocaine addiction recovery and would like to learn more about our rehab for cocaine call our 24/7 for more information.

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Success Story
Success Story

“The therapy here helped me really look at myself and find that I am a strong individual that can deal with this and move forward in my life.”- Katie